It’s a common scene to find ruined, crumbled, shabby cars in every corner of the earth, in almost any country irrespective of their rate of development. Even more, there actually spots for them, including barren land, tow yards and other areas earmarked for dumping expendable automobiles. For example, because it is an just island, Hawaii is facing a huge dilemma and must dispose of more cars with little land to do so in. This becomes even more compounded as not only the times change, but also the population continues to increase.
The growing problem could be tackled to some extent by increasing recycling and incentives to recycle, or like California has done with the CRV (California Redemption Value) to encourage people by paying for the recycling of aluminum cans, old cars and plastic containers. Americans have proved to be very fond of cars, so one way they have tackled the issue is by fixing up old cars and turning them into ‘classics’. Further, about ten years back, oil companies in some states ventured to pay for old cars and got them off the streets by trading them for pollution credits.
Here is one proven practice to help curb the amount of dumped automobiles and the growing costs that the entire process entails: commoditizing. This has proved to be handy in smothering pollution in the US. Even though 7.3 million cars are ELV-Treated every year in Europe alone, 11 million useless automobiles are sent to tow yards and recycle crushers. Different rules and regulations regarding the dumping are followed by the different countries in Europe, which makes it difficult for them to reach a final decision. Dumping of junky cars can cause serious health problems as they start leaking harmful gasses and toxins like oxides, heavy metals asbestos, oil, fuel (which turns to varnish), brake fluids and radiator fluids. Austria, although it doesn’t have a car manufacturing industry, pays other countries to ship the discarded automobiles to other nations.
75% of waste while recycling can be brought down by applying the ASR-Automotive Shredder Residue, as per Argonne's tested model. This has shown to be useful in manufacturing other products, be it automobiles or products in any other industry. Plastic parts can be easily separated using the process of froth flotation and, as it precipitates, it can be recycled quite cheaply. In order to remove the zinc from the vehicle, it is better to separate it before the melting process, which is done by using sodium hydroxide and electrolysis at room temperatures. About 50 lbs. of zinc can be extracted by recycling a ton of steel, and the zinc obtained can then be used to build bridges, or could be used in pigments for ships and aircrafts to prevent corrosion.
The rest of the world should learn from what countries like Sweden and the Netherlands are doing to prevent disposal and emphasize recycling. The growing trend of automobiles being destroyed and therefore letting our hazardous chemicals will only exacerbate as the times continue to change and global population continues to grow. Sustainable measures to deal with the problem are they key to solving these types of issues, and with global climate change moving from the periphery to the core of nations’ attention dashboards, change might be coming.